Research is a long and arduous process that requires dedication, patience, and discipline. It starts with an idea and ends with the production of knowledge. In between, there are many steps that need to be taken, some more difficult than others. The post below will guide you through the research process from start to finish with tips on how to stay organized and motivated throughout your journey.
The research Process is basically a systematic study on specific subjects which includes different activities such as data collection, data analysis, and interpretation.
It includes searching for information on a specific topic or subject. Research activity mainly includes discovering facts or figures about the phenomenon. The main objective of the investigation is to increase knowledge about a particular field. Another purpose of the investigation is to search for possible solutions to a particular problem.
Example: An organization is facing the issue of continuous decline in sales and profit. Management in an organization is a high level of concern about the problem. The manager asks the research and development team to perform the investigation for identifying the root cause of the problem.
Before beginning with the investigation you need to decide whether you want to perform primary and secondary research.
It is the type of investigation where you need to collect information yourself. Such types of research which you are performing for addressing specific issue then there is a requirement of performing detailed analysis. In such a type of investigation, the techniques you can apply for collecting facts include survey, interview, observation, etc.
In such types of studies, the investigator mainly uses the information which is already present. Secondary research includes synthesis, collation, and summary of the existing study which another researcher has to perform.
For example: Suppose, the researcher has performed a study for identifying the number of people who died due to cancer . Your collection of the information about the same can access the record of patients by the management team on the hospital. It is the phase where you can make the choice of type of study which you need to perform. You can make such a choice on the basis of three factors these are aim, objective, and nature of the problem.
It is the stage where you need to clearly define the issue. At this stage, you need to clearly address those people who have been highly influenced by a particular issue. In addition to this, you need to explain the way the investigation which you are performing will help in dealing with a specific research problem.
This is a stage where you need to create the research question based on objectives and problem statements in research. All the questions which you have a design need to be specific. It is a stage where two or three questions are sufficient. In the last question, you should ask for suggestions for dealing with a specific problem. In the context of Quantitative research, you need to formulate the hypothesis testing for research.
Example: The researcher is conducting for analysis of the effect of globalization on business activities. Some of the research questions that researcher can design are :
Research design is basically a strategy which researcher adopts for getting an answer to their questions. At this stage, you need to determine the type of information you intend to collect by performing the investigation on a particular research topic. This is a phase where you need to clearly define the techniques which you have applied for accumulating facts related to the topic or subjecting
After establishing aims and objectives, designing of research question that you need to write a research proposal. The research proposal consists of detail about the background, plan, and purpose of the research. The section in the dissertation also includes objectives, aim, research questions, and statement of the problem. You also have to write a literature review in research paper.
Execution of investigation in a systematic manner is very much essential for accomplishing desired objectives:
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