Defining research problems is the initial phase of research. It is the statement which in the research report helps the reader in developing the understanding of specific issues. A research problem is defined as an area of concern that requires a meaningful understanding of specific topics, conditions, contradictions, or difficulties.
A research problem, in general, refers to some difficulty which a researcher experiences in the context of either a theoretical or practical situation. While writing the research problems you need to make sure that it helps in fulfilling the gap in knowledge. While writing a problems statement you need to mainly focus on three things these are ideality, reality, and consequences.
For example: According to the agreement between employees and the company, an organization will provide workers with a well-furnished house. Furnishing is an important part of the house. Employees living in the house which their company has to allot presently do not have furniture because of which they have to face a number of issues. A researcher is performing an investigation to identify the reason because of which an organization has not been able to provide workers with proper housing facilities. Another purpose of an investigation is to help the organization in resolving specific problems in a cost-efficient manner.
To have effective research problems, make sure to fulfill the following crucial characteristics:
A research problem has the following components:
There are different types of problems in research, these are:
Causal research problems focus on identifying the extent and nature of cause-and-effect relationships. These types of studies help assess impact by examining patterns between different elements, which in turn helps us identify any changes that occur because we make a certain change to an existing norm or process.
It is about what is right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience. You apply general rules to the problem and carefully make distinctions about special cases.
This research problem seeks to explore the relationship between two variables. The qualities or characteristics that are connected in some way need to be explored, but why they may be related?
Descriptive research problems are those that ask, “What is…..?” with the goal of describing the situation, state, or presence of a given phenomenon. They are attempting to depict what is already there in a group or population. Surveys and opinion polls are the greatest tools for such research because they need systematic observation of social concerns.
Defining your research problem allows you to make the goal of your study obvious to yourself and your intended audience. The procedure of defining the research problems include the following phases these are:
Begin your research by deciding on a wide research area that reflects your interests, specialties, professions, expertise, and knowledge. This section must be significant in terms of your knowledge interests and specialization.
It is a phase where you need to develop an understanding of the different aspects of the issue. At this phase, you need to identify the gap which you can fill by facilitating investigation on a specific topic.
For example, If you’re doing a postgraduation in computer science with a specialization in cybersecurity, you’ll need to choose a research study area in cybersecurity. You can select issues relating to cyber risks, cybercrime, and cyber trends.
This is a phase where it is very much essential for you to address and develop an understanding of a particular aspect of the issue. After developing a specific aspect of the issue, you would be able to resolve it by facilitating investigation. It is a stage where you need to make yourself aware of the effect of the problem on a specific group of people.
Here, you should also collect information about the investigation which you are performing by another researcher on similar issues, consequences of the problem, etc.
Example: ABX Ltd. Is mainly concentrating on retaining its existing customer base. But due to lack of understanding about the different marketing technology management in a firm is facing the issue of identifying one of the best ways to reach existing customers. The management team in an enterprise needs to ask research ream to perform investigation and collect information about the factors which influence people to buy products or services.
It is a stage where you need to finally design the problem statement. While drafting a problem statement you need to make sure that it is simple, short, and has a clear meaning. In addition to this, while defining the problem you should confirm that it is related to the topic which you have chosen for performing an investigation.
Defining a research problem has great significance in research as it allows you to determine the series of activities.
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